Maidar Eco City

The Maitreya Statue

and it´s cultural area are situated at one of the most beautiful locations south of Bogd Khan mountains. In 2012 this location was dedicated as the center for a new city. According to the spirit of Maitreya the city will follow the principles of an ecological urban development – a “City of the Future” in which sustainability, low carbon emission, environmental protection and social harmony are the main objectives for the urban design. Not only the site and its surroundings are beautiful, also the infrastructural conditions are nearly perfect for an economically successful development. South of the site, a new highway is planned to connect Ulaanbaatar to the new airport south of Bogd Khan Mountains. The main railway line crossing Mongolia from Russia to China is nearby and can have a separate station with direct connection to Maida city center. This is an old railway line, which will be used for regional public traffic.

At least a cable car as direct and straight connection between Ulaanbaatar and Maidar City is planned. This track crosses Bogd Khan Mountains in N-S direction and will have a station at a new ski resort.

Specific aims

Accordant to the site conditions and the demands of Maidar City LLC, the following aims were determined at the beginning of the first planning step:

  • The Grand Maitreya area constitutes the center of the new city
  • Respect for the existing landscape features by keeping the character of the landscape alive and making it visible from each construction site (no buildings on the mountain tops)
  • Creation of a landscape network for high social usability (leisure functions, recreational activities and sports).
  • Determination of agriculture areas near and in the city
  • Creation of independent town districts which provide all functions and public facilities for daily life
  • Mixed use and a large offer of services for a vibrant city of short distances - walking distances between all uses for daily life.
  • Determination of Creating characteristic center squares for each single town district, each with its unique identity
  • Quick and comfortable access to public transport and efficient connections between the different traffic systems.
  • Determination of ways for pedestrians and cyclists as the main framework for inner district traffic.
  • Determination of car-free zones in commercial and residential areas
  • Determination of “shared space”-zones with priority for pedestrians for central traffic axes. Only vehicles with electric motor are allowed.
  • Determination of high quality standards for public space design to raise the value of neighboring building sites.
  • Determination of building density according to the aims of an efficient infrastructure and efficient public traffic system.
  • Strategic location of car parking areas to reduce the volume of individual motorized traffic.
  • All those aims accordant to the Eco City principles have to be fixed in figures as “Key Performance Indicators” (KPI) at the beginning of the deeper planning process. For example “Clean water” and “clean air” should get a determination by clear quantities to be measured.

Functional distribution

The main characteristic of the functional distribution are the “urban arteries”, which mark the location of city center functions like shops, restaurants, offices and commercial uses in general. Those “arteries” form a net for the whole city and provide mixed uses for daily life of each city district.

According the principles of an EcoCity the functional distribution is ordered according the demands of short distances. Each part of the City provides full services to their inhabitants in a distance not more than 1km. Facilities for daily use should be reached in waking distances of about 400m.

The green areas, surrounding the different districts will provide all kinds of leisure, recreation and sports. The green areas inside the residential communities will provide accordant facilities: Playing grounds for children, kindergarten, neighborhood leisure facilities. Those semi-public open spaces are linked together and can be used as ways for pedestrians and cyclists to the central functions of the “urban arteries”.

Traffic

A ccording the demands of an EcoCity-development, the main traffic network within the city has to be dominated by pedestrians, cyclists (short routes) and public transport (medium routes). Private car traffic should only be used for long distances. To avoid car traffic for short distances, car parking areas will determined by a superposed strategy.

T he inner streets of the “urban arteries” are ways with priority for pedestrians and cyclists (shared space). Small electric busses for public traffic and electric cars for individual traffic (max.20 km/h) are allowed. Electric charging stations at each street crossing will provide continues energy supply. This street-net covers the whole town and is separated from the normal street by different levels. It provides a convenient mobility and guarantees a high percentage of “green trips”.